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Compas Direc­tion

c. 1953/2002

by Jean Prouvé
for Vitra

Compas Direc­tion

by Jean Prouvé
for Vitra

or Call to Order

The Compas Direc­tion desk designed by Jean Prouvè in 1953 was rein­tro­duced by Vitra in 2002. Jean Prouvé devel­oped several versions of the Compas table around 1950, basing the design on the struc­tural prin­ci­ples for which he is known. Common to all of them are the slender, elegantly splayed legs, which call to mind the hinged arms of a compass – le compas’ in French.

The solid oiled wood table top in natural or smoked oak, as well as Amer­i­can walnut, give Compas Direc­tion a warm touch. The strik­ing metal frame is avail­able in steel powdered coated Japan­ese red, deep black, choco­late, coffee and ecru. With its compact dimen­sions, the desk is ideal for the contem­po­rary, largely paper­less home office.

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Jean Prouvé

France (1901–1984)

Jean Prouvé occupied a unique position at the intersection of design, manufacturing, architecture, and engineering. Though he was revered by peers in the industry during his lifetime, the French visionary was largely unknown to the general public until Vitra began to reissue his works in 2002. Today, the Swiss manufacturer produces iconic pieces like Prouvé’s Standard chair and Cité armchair, which both encapsulate the striking simplicity and utilitarian quality of the designer’s oeuvre.

Prouvé’s training as a blacksmith influenced his preference for working in metal. He embraced the use of steel and aluminum to create cutting-edge furniture under the name of his studio, Atelier Jean Prouvé. Prouvé became fascinated by the concept of mass production, and he began designing a catalog of standard furniture models for hospitals, schools, and offices.

After WWII, he moved into his own factory in Maxéville, France, where he experimented with prefabrication of building elements, furniture, and even complete flat-pack houses, such as a series of residences he designed for refugees in the Niger and the Republic of Congo in 1949 and 1950. His ingenious work set a precedent for efficiency in design and manufacturing that would have a lasting impact on the industry.

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