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Red and Blue Chair

c. 1918

by Gerrit Rietveld
for Cassina

Red and Blue Chair

by Gerrit Rietveld
for Cassina

or Call to Order

Red and Blue Chair is a sculp­tural seat with a pure and ratio­nal­ist form, and an authen­tic mani­festo for Neoplas­ti­cism, embraced by the Dutch De Stijl move­ment in 1917. An outlook shared by Piet Mondrian, whose objec­tive was to seek out the essen­tial nature of things, combined with the harmo­nious equiv­a­lence of colors, and the use of right- angle. 

Designer Gerrit Rietveld produced his first proto­types in 1918, express­ing the philos­o­phy of orga­niz­ing space using the same colors for similar compo­nents. Another version of the iconic chair is avail­able in our collec­tion, see Black Red and Blue chair.

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Gerrit Rietveld

Netherlands (1888–1964)

Born in Utrecht, Netherlands in 1888, Gerrit Rietveld is known best for his architectural and product designs. In 1917, Rietveld opened his own furniture shop, with an aim for simplicity in construction, knowing that factory production was key to future designs. Not a year later, he opened his own factory and began shifting his color palette due to his discovery of the De Stijl Movement. After joining the De Stijl, he spent time exhibiting at the Bauhaus under an invitation from Walter Gropius, and created notable architectural projects. His most significant building is the Rietveld Schroder House, completed in 1924; it featured moving panelled walls and is now an UNESCO World Heritage Site. By 1928, Rietveld shifted his design philosophy once again, breaking with De Stijl, as he opted for a more functionalist style of architecture. Noted furniture pieces by Rietveld include the Red and Blue Chair in 1917, along with the Zig Zag Chair designed in 1934.

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